No Rainfall damages crop yield
Picture Credits: dnaindia.com
Karnataka sees its worst draught in more than 40 years.
The MET department has confirmed that the state has witnessed lowest rainfall over the last 4 years.
Average annual rainfall of Karnataka is divided into three regions North, South and Coastal. Coastal area get most rainfall measuring 3456 mm average annually, while North and South have 1286 mm and 731 mm average every year.
The annual rainfall has been declining since 2010. 2012 had the lowest rainfall. In 2012 only 869 mm average rain was witnessed whereas normal rainfall in the state is 1155mm.
The Agriculture Dept., Kengeri confirmed that region reported at least 30% deficit in rainfall last year. Kerala witnessed least rainfall followed by Karntaka.
“Sugarcane acreage in Karnataka has dropped by about 30 per cent and we expect a decline of 30-40 per cent in output,” said Pavankumar, President of South India Sugar Mills Association’s Karnataka chapter. The acreage is even lower in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, he added.
Picture Credits: ananth.org
Agriculture Dept. stated that agriculture of Karnataka State is based mostly on water retentive crops like arecanut, paddy, sugarcane and ragi. All these crops need heavy rainfall and yield has been badly affected.
Mango growers across the state have been selling their land and moving on to find other ways to earn a living, according to the Mango Growers Association. Vishwanath Reddy, Association President said “We are urging the farmers not to chop off trees or sell farms, the association is there to help all the members. But our hands are tied as well, the rainfall has been very low over the past few years and we can’t achieve enough output from this much water.”
Picture Credits: ecoagriculture org
The Krishna Raja Sagar Dam which provides water to Bangalore is at an all time low of 78.42 ft, out of which only 5.7 ft can be used.“The government will have to ration water if the pre-monsoon showers fail. In 2016, the rainfall was bountiful until it abruptly ended in August. If Bengaluru residents have to be supplied with water regularly, then rationing is the only option for other parts of the state,” said Chief Engineer with the BWSSB, B.S. Prasad.
For 2017 as well, the MET department has predicted hotter summer. The average temperature is expected to be 1 degree Celsius higher than usual at all places.